Hormonal contraception and cardiovascular system

Arq Bras Cardiol. 2011 Apr;96(4):e81-9. doi: 10.1590/s0066-782x2011005000022. Epub 2011 Feb 25.
[Article in En, Portuguese, Spanish]

Abstract

Hormonal contraception is the most widely used method to prevent unplanned pregnancies. The literature has shown an association between cardiovascular risk and use of hormone therapy. With the purpose of providing better guidelines on contraception methods for women with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, we have reviewed the literature on the subject. This review describes the latest data from the scientific literature concerning the influence of hormonal contraceptives on arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis and systemic high blood pressure, which are diseases that have become increasingly prevalent among young females.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / chemically induced
  • Cardiovascular System / drug effects*
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal / adverse effects*
  • Contraindications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / chemically induced*
  • Risk Factors
  • Thrombosis / chemically induced*

Substances

  • Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal