Dominant contribution of northern chinese to the paternal genetic structure of Chaoshanese in South China

Biochem Genet. 2011 Aug;49(7-8):483-98. doi: 10.1007/s10528-011-9424-x. Epub 2011 Mar 1.


We investigated the Y chromosome of various Chinese populations to determine the patrilineal origin of the Chaoshanese population. Admixture analysis of six specific Y short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 6,292 individual samples taken from 51 populations, including Chaoshanese and Minnanese of our earlier studies, showed that over 85% of the Chaoshanese Y chromosomes were derived from the Central China Han (M (RH): 0.8614; M (BE): 1.1868 ± 0.2054), and a very small portion were from the southern aborigines. These results support a Central China Han origin of the Chaoshanese and additionally reveal that males from the Central China Han were the predominant contributor to the patrilineal genetics of the Chaoshanese. A phylogenetic tree and analysis of molecular variance signified a strong association between Y chromosomes of Chinese populations and their linguistic affiliations, revealing a coevolution of Y chromosome diversity and languages in East Asia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asians / genetics*
  • China
  • Chromosomes, Human, Y*
  • Gene Frequency
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats*
  • Phylogeny