Molecular dynamics simulations of protein targets identified in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Curr Med Chem. 2011;18(9):1353-66. doi: 10.2174/092986711795029519.

Abstract

Application of molecular dynamics simulation technique has become a conventional computational methodology to calculate significant processes at the molecular level. This computational methodology is particularly useful for analyzing the dynamics of protein-ligand systems. Several uses of molecular dynamics simulation makes possible evaluation of important structural features found at interface between a ligand and a protein, such as intermolecular hydrogen bonds, contact area and binding energy. Considering structure-based virtual screening, molecular dynamics simulations play a pivotal role in understanding the features that are important for ligand-binding affinity. This information could be employed to select higher-affinity ligands obtained in screening processes. Many protein targets such as enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase (InhA), purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), and shikimate kinase have been submitted to these simulations and will be analyzed here. All command files used in this review are available for download at http://azevedolab.net/md_75.html.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Enoyl-(Acyl-Carrier-Protein) Reductase (NADH) / chemistry
  • Enoyl-(Acyl-Carrier-Protein) Reductase (NADH) / metabolism
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / enzymology*
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / metabolism
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / chemistry
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism
  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase / chemistry
  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase / metabolism

Substances

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Enoyl-(Acyl-Carrier-Protein) Reductase (NADH)
  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • shikimate kinase