Objective: To reflect the perspectives of rehabilitation stakeholders in a measure of participation enfranchisement that can be used by people with and without disabilities.
Setting: Community settings.
Participants: We pilot-tested a draft instrument with 326 adults who had sustained stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, or other disabling condition, as well as a general population sample. We administered a revised version of the instrument to a statewide sample drawn from the 2006 Colorado Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System that included persons with (N=461) and without (N=451) self-identified activity limitations.
Main outcome measure: Participation enfranchisement.
Results: We used multidimensional scaling, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), followed by rating scale analysis to evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument. EFA identified 3 participation enfranchisement factors that describe perceived choice and control, contributing to one's community, and feeling valued; the factors were supported marginally by CFA. Rating scale analysis revealed marginal person separation and no misfitting items.
Conclusions: Participation enfranchisement constitutes a new, previously unmeasured aspect of participation-one that addresses subjective perceptions rather than objective performance-with items that are clearly distinct from more generalized satisfaction with participation. The 19 enfranchisement items describe aspects of participation that may prove useful in characterizing longer-term rehabilitation outcomes.
Copyright © 2011 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.