Successful treatment of a congenital pulmonic valvular stenosis in a snow leopard (Uncia uncia) by percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty

J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010 Dec;41(4):735-8. doi: 10.1638/2010-0073.1.


A 3-yr-old intact female snow leopard (Uncia uncia) was evaluated for progressive apathy, lethargy, and decreased appetite. Cardiac auscultation revealed a left basal grade IV/VI systolic ejection murmur, and an echocardiogram confirmed a severe pulmonic valvular stenosis (pressure gradient of 98 mm Hg). The lesion was managed by balloon valvuloplasty, resulting in a marked pressure gradient reduction (30 mm Hg). The cat recovered well, and clinical signs resolved. This is the first description of a pulmonary valve stenosis and management with balloon valvuloplasty in a wild felid.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catheterization / methods
  • Catheterization / veterinary*
  • Felidae*
  • Female
  • Pulmonary Valve / pathology
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / surgery
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / veterinary*