Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose: senior NHS managers' narratives of restructuring

Sociol Health Illn. 2011 Sep;33(6):914-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2011.01338.x. Epub 2011 Mar 4.


The UK National Health Service (NHS) is regularly restructured. Its smooth operation and organisational memory depends on the insights and capability of managers, especially those with experience of previous transitions. Narrative methods can illuminate complex change from the perspective of key actors. We used an adaptation of Wengraf's biographical narrative life interview method to explore how 20 senior NHS managers (chief executives, directors and assistant directors) had perceived and responded to major transitions since 1974. Data were analysed thematically using insights from phenomenology, neo-institutional theory and critical management studies. Findings were contextualised within a literature review of NHS policy and management 1974-2009. Managers described how experience in different NHS organisations helped build resilience and tacit knowledge, and how a strong commitment to the 'NHS brand' allowed them to weather a succession of policy changes and implement and embed such changes locally. By synthesising these personal and situated micro-narratives, we built a wider picture of macro-level institutional change in the NHS, in which the various visible restructurings in recent years appear to have masked a deeper continuity in terms of enduring values, norms and ways of working. We consider the implications of these findings for the future NHS.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Facility Administrators / history
  • Health Facility Administrators / organization & administration*
  • Health Facility Administrators / psychology
  • Health Policy / history*
  • Health Policy / trends
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Knowledge
  • Learning
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Politics*
  • Professional Autonomy*
  • Professional Competence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Social Identification
  • State Medicine / history
  • State Medicine / organization & administration
  • United Kingdom