Type IIa sodium-dependent phosphate transporter (NaPi-IIa) can be localized in the apical plasma membrane of renal proximal tubule to carry out a rate-limiting step of phosphate reabsorption. For the apical localization, NaPi-IIa is required to form a macromolecular complex with some adaptor proteins such as Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF-1) and ezrin. However, the detail of macromolecular complex containing NaPi-IIa in the apical membrane of the renal proximal tubular cells has not been clarified. In this study, we identified at least four different complexes (220, 480, 920, 1,100 kDa) containing NaPi-IIa by using blue-native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Interestingly, LC-MS/MS analysis and immunoprecipitation analysis reveal that megalin is a component of larger complexes (920 and 1,100 kDa). In addition, NaPi-IIa can be heterogeneously co-localized with ezrin and megalin on the apical membrane of renal proximal tubuler cells by fluorescence microscopy analysis. These results suggest that NaPi-IIa can form some different complexes on the apical plasma membrane of renal proximal tubular cells.