Road accidents and tourism: the case of the Balearic Islands (Spain)

Accid Anal Prev. 2011 May;43(3):675-83. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2010.10.011. Epub 2010 Dec 3.


The increase in the number of tourists for many destinations and their increased mobility within host countries or regions has implied a rise in tourism-associated externalities, with vehicle crashes as the most common cause of injury for tourists. Within the transport literature, the number and variation in the amount of accidents has been related to a large set of determining variables, including weather conditions, socio-economic characteristics, exposure, physical characteristics of the road and a variety of dummies that try to capture effects such as safety laws and seasonal variations. However, the presence of tourism has been neglected. Using the case study of the Balearic Islands, the present study estimates the role of tourism in determining the number of accidents in a daily context, using the set of variables suggested by the literature and incorporating a daily measure for the stock of tourists at a host destination. Results show how tourism can be associated with a significant amount of the accidents that take place in the Balearics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Causality
  • Databases, Factual
  • Humans
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Probability
  • Risk Factors
  • Seasons
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Travel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*