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. 2011 Jun 1;20(11):2273-84.
doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddr092. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Association of Genetic Variation With Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure Among African Americans: The Candidate Gene Association Resource Study

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Free PMC article

Association of Genetic Variation With Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure Among African Americans: The Candidate Gene Association Resource Study

Ervin R Fox et al. Hum Mol Genet. .
Free PMC article


The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans (AAs) is higher than in other US groups; yet, few have performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in AA. Among people of European descent, GWASs have identified genetic variants at 13 loci that are associated with blood pressure. It is unknown if these variants confer susceptibility in people of African ancestry. Here, we examined genome-wide and candidate gene associations with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) using the Candidate Gene Association Resource (CARe) consortium consisting of 8591 AAs. Genotypes included genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data utilizing the Affymetrix 6.0 array with imputation to 2.5 million HapMap SNPs and candidate gene SNP data utilizing a 50K cardiovascular gene-centric array (ITMAT-Broad-CARe [IBC] array). For Affymetrix data, the strongest signal for DBP was rs10474346 (P= 3.6 × 10(-8)) located near GPR98 and ARRDC3. For SBP, the strongest signal was rs2258119 in C21orf91 (P= 4.7 × 10(-8)). The top IBC association for SBP was rs2012318 (P= 6.4 × 10(-6)) near SLC25A42 and for DBP was rs2523586 (P= 1.3 × 10(-6)) near HLA-B. None of the top variants replicated in additional AA (n = 11 882) or European-American (n = 69 899) cohorts. We replicated previously reported European-American blood pressure SNPs in our AA samples (SH2B3, P= 0.009; TBX3-TBX5, P= 0.03; and CSK-ULK3, P= 0.0004). These genetic loci represent the best evidence of genetic influences on SBP and DBP in AAs to date. More broadly, this work supports that notion that blood pressure among AAs is a trait with genetic underpinnings but also with significant complexity.


Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Regional plots of top blood pressure loci in AAs from meta-analysis of Affymetrix 6.0 arrays. One locus for diastolic BP (A) and two loci for SBP (B and C). For each locus, we show the region extending to within 500 kb of the associated SNP on either side. Statistical significance of SNPs around each locus are plotted as −log10(P) against chromosomal position. For each locus, the most significant SNP is shown in blue. If the most significant SNP of a locus is imputed SNP (as in A), then the most significant genotype SNP is shown in blue too. Among genotyped SNPs, SNPs in yellow have r2 ≥ 0.8 with the most significant genotyped SNP. Imputed SNPs are shown in grey. Superimposed on the plot are gene locations (green) and recombination rate (blue). Chromosome positions are based on HapMap release 22 build 36.

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