Teachers' delivery skills and substance use prevention program outcomes: the moderating role of students' need for cognition and impulse decision making

J Drug Educ. 2010;40(4):395-410. doi: 10.2190/DE.40.4.e.


The purpose of this study was to extend the literature in both substance use implementation and persuasive health communication by examining the extent to which students' need for cognition and impulsive decision-making moderated the relationship between teachers' classroom communication behavior and program outcomes in an evidence-based middle school substance use prevention curriculum. Participants included 48 teachers and their respective 7th grade students who participated in a randomized trial testing the effectiveness of personal coaching as a means to improve the quality with which teachers implemented the All Stars curriculum. Need for cognition and impulse decision-making were both associated with positive changes in lifestyle incongruence and commitments to not use substances for students whose teachers displayed greater interactive teaching. Further, need for cognition was associated with lower alcohol use rates while impulse decision making related to lower rates of marijuana use in classes with interactive teaching.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Cognition
  • Counseling
  • Decision Making
  • Faculty / standards
  • Female
  • Health Communication / methods*
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Primary Prevention / methods*
  • Professional Competence
  • Regression Analysis
  • Schools
  • Students / psychology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Teaching / methods*
  • Young Adult