trans-Piceid and trans-resveratrol were authenticated for the first time by high-resoution mass spectrometry in red sorghum grains. A 0.4-1 mg/kg amount of trans-piceid and up to 0.2 mg/kg trans-resveratrol were quantified by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization(+)-tandem mass spectrometry. The white sorghum samples contained only traces of trans-piceid (up to 0.1 mg/kg), and trans-resveratrol was absent. In much lower amounts than procyanidins, stilbenoids are not able to contribute significantly to the exceptional antioxidant activity of red sorghum (ORAC, 83-147 μmol TE/g; AAPH, 0.61-1.79 min/mg kg(-1)). More than 10 mg/kg of total stilbenoids have been reported in some hop varieties. Yet, as hop is a minor wort ingredient as compared to cereals, red sorghum could be the main source of trans-piceid in beer. Hop remains, however, the single source of cis-piceid.