This study tested the hypothesis that the expression of CD112 and CD155 (DNAM-1 ligands) on leukemic blasts induces a decreased expression of the activating receptor DNAM-1 on natural killer (NK) cells from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. DNAM-1 is a co-receptor involved in the activation of NK cell cytotoxicity after its interaction with its ligands CD112 and CD155 on target cells. Here we study the expression of DNAM-1 on NK cells and DNAM-1 ligands on blasts from AML patients stratified by age. The results demonstrate that NK cells from AML patients younger than 65 years have a reduced expression of DNAM-1 compared with age-matched controls. The analysis of DNAM-1 ligands showed a high expression of CD112 and CD155 on leukemic blasts. An inverse correlation between CD112 expression on leukemic blasts and DNAM-1 expression on NK cells was found. Furthermore, downregulation of DNAM-1 was induced on healthy donors' NK cells after in vitro culture with leukemic blasts expressing DNAM-1 ligands. In conclusion, these results support the hypothesis that receptor-ligand crosslinking downregulates DNAM-1 expression on NK cells from patients <65 years of age. Considering the relevance of DNAM-1 in NK recognition and killing of leukemic cells, the reduced expression of this receptor on NK cells from AML patients can represent an additional mechanism of tumor escape.