Stimulation of Ca2+-channel Orai1/STIM1 by serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1)

FASEB J. 2011 Jun;25(6):2012-21. doi: 10.1096/fj.10-178210. Epub 2011 Mar 8.


Ca(2+) signaling includes store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) following depletion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores. On store depletion, the ER Ca(2+) sensor STIM1 activates Orai1, the pore-forming unit of Ca(2+)-release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels. Here, we show that Orai1 is regulated by serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), a growth factor-regulated kinase. Membrane Orai1 protein abundance, I(CRAC), and SOCE in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells stably expressing Orai1 and transfected with STIM1 were each significantly enhanced by coexpression of constitutively active (S422D)SGK1 (by+81, +378, and+136%, respectively) but not by inactive (K127N)SGK1. Coexpression of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2, an established negatively regulated SGK1 target, down-regulated SOCE (by -48%) and I(CRAC) (by -60%), an effect reversed by expression of (S422D)SGK1 (by +175 and +173%, respectively). Orai1 protein abundance and SOCE were significantly lower in mast cells from SGK1-knockout (sgk1(-/-)) mice (by -37% and -52%, respectively) than in mast cells from wild-type (sgk1(+/+)) littermates. Activation of SOCE by sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase-inhibitor thapsigargin (2 μM) stimulated migration, an effect significantly higher (by +306%) in (S422D)SGK1-expressing than in (K127N)SGK1-expressing HEK293 cells, and also significantly higher (by +108%) in sgk1(+/+) than in sgk1(-/-) mast cells. SGK1 is thus a novel key player in the regulation of SOCE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism*
  • Calcium Signaling / physiology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Movement
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology
  • Humans
  • Immediate-Early Proteins / genetics
  • Immediate-Early Proteins / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • ORAI1 Protein
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Stromal Interaction Molecule 1


  • Calcium Channels
  • Immediate-Early Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • ORAI1 Protein
  • ORAI1 protein, human
  • STIM1 protein, human
  • Stromal Interaction Molecule 1
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • serum-glucocorticoid regulated kinase