Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been constantly evolving over the last decade, providing successful results in the treatment of tumors expressing somatostatin receptors, especially with 90Y -- and 177Lu -- radiolabelled peptides. Recent and/or ongoing studies assure new perspectives to come. Dosimetry represents a precious guide for the selection of radionuclides and peptides, for protocol settings, for toxicity prevention and therapy optimization. Thus, reliable and personalized dosimetry is more and more requested. This paper reviews the important advances recently obtained in the dosimetric methods that have been applied to this therapy. Special emphasis has been given to the impact derived (or derivable in the next future) from more refined dose evaluations focused on the kidneys and the red marrow. The possibility of improving the accuracy of dosimetry represents a further challenge for this therapy. Following the preliminary correlation observed between the biological effective dose and the probability of renal injury, more reliable dose estimates could definitively enhance the predicitivity of the radiobiological effects, for toxicity prevention as well as for tumor control.