Currently, unbiased protein identification is mostly performed by directly coupling reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) via electrospray ionization to a mass spectrometer. In contrast to the innovations in mass spectrometric instrumentation, cutting-edge technology in RPLC has generally not been well adopted. Here, we describe the effects of increased peak capacities on the number of identified proteins and peptides in complex mixtures utilizing collision-induced dissociation on an LTQ-Orbitrap Velos, providing a rationale for using advanced RPLC technology in LC-MS/MS. Using two different column lengths and gradient times between 1 and 10 h, we found a linear relation between the obtained peak capacities and the number of identified peptides. We identified on average 2516 proteins in the tryptic digest of 1 μg of HeLa lysate using an 8 h gradient on a 50 cm column packed with 2 μm C18 reversed-phase chromatographic material.