Elevated risk of mortality among gout patients: a comparison with the national population in Taiwan

Joint Bone Spine. 2011 Dec;78(6):577-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jbspin.2011.01.007. Epub 2011 Mar 8.


Objectives: Accumulating evidence suggests that gout is associated with increased overall and cardiovascular mortality. Using data from a large consecutive cohort of gout sufferers who were followed for 8 years, we investigated mortality among gout sufferers and compared the results with data from the general population of Taiwan.

Methods: The study comprised 6631 people who had gout diagnosis at outpatient department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in 2000. Survival status and cause of death were ascertained by examining the National Death Registry of Taiwan through 2008.

Results: During 53,048 person-years of follow-up in 6631 gout patients, 1273 (male, 941; female, 332) deaths were identified, corresponding to the crude mortality rate was 21.3 (male, 20.0; female, 26.1) per 1000 patient-years, which was significantly higher than that of the national population. As compared with the national population of Taiwan in 2000, the all-cause standardized mortality ratio (95% confidence interval) was 1.29 (1.21-1.37) for men and 1.70 (1.53-1.89) for women. Both men and women in this cohort had higher standardized mortality ratios for death due to kidney diseases (men, 3.10; women, 3.54), endocrine and metabolic diseases (men, 2.24; women, 2.71), and cardiovascular diseases (men, 1.58; women, 1.81). Multivariate Cox regression showed no difference in mortality between genders.

Discussion/conclusions: Individuals with gout have increased mortality risk in both sexes; however, the extent of risk increment is higher in women. Kidney diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases, and cardiovascular diseases are primary causes of death.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / ethnology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gout / epidemiology
  • Gout / ethnology
  • Gout / mortality*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / epidemiology
  • Kidney Diseases / ethnology
  • Kidney Diseases / mortality*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Metabolic Diseases / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Diseases / ethnology
  • Metabolic Diseases / mortality*
  • Middle Aged
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Survival Rate
  • Taiwan / epidemiology