Acute postoperative pain at rest after hip and knee arthroplasty: severity, sensory qualities and impact on sleep

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2011 Apr;97(2):139-44. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2010.12.003. Epub 2011 Mar 8.

Abstract

Introduction: The management of acute postoperative pain poses a significant challenge in surgical specialities. Despite the prevalence and impact of acute postoperative pain, there is a paucity of published data regarding its occurrence and sensory qualities after joint replacement.

Hypothesis: That a proportion of patients would experience severe acute postoperative pain at rest after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR).

Materials and methods: Pain was assessed preoperatively, and then five times daily for the first three postoperative days in 105 THR and TKR patients. Pain severity was assessed using a pain Visual Analogue Scale and the sensory qualities of pain were assessed using the pain descriptors from the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire.

Results: Median acute pain scores peaked on the first postoperative day, with 58% of TKR patients and 47% of THR patients reporting moderate-severe pain. Preoperative pain was most frequently described as aching, stabbing and sharp, whereas acute postoperative pain was described as aching, heavy and tender. Night pain disturbed between 44-57% of TKR patients and 21-52% of THR patients on postoperative nights 1-3.

Discussion: These findings demonstrate that acute postoperative pain at rest after joint replacement, particularly TKR, is poorly managed, although it does not reach the severity of preoperative pain.

Level of evidence: Level IV (observational cohort study).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Pain, Postoperative / etiology*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sleep
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors