Background/aims: Sestamibi scintigraphy and neck ultrasonography have both been proposed as screening modalities for the detection of abnormal parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. As a result, many surgeons use both techniques prior to surgery. The goal of this study was to independently evaluate both ultrasound and sestamibi as single-modality preoperative screening tools for primary hyperparathyroidism.
Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism from January 1999 to December 2009. Imaging results were compared to surgical findings.
Results: 440 patients were found to meet inclusion criteria. Sensitivities for correct localization of a single parathyroid adenoma for sestamibi versus ultrasound were: 83% (95% CI 78-86) versus 72% (95% CI 67-76). Ultrasound operator had no influence on sensitivity, and ultrasound identified nodular thyroid disease in 31% of patients.
Conclusion: Ultrasonography alone can be used as the primary screening modality in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Ultrasound sensitivity is conserved despite operator variability, and identifies concomitant thyroid pathology.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.