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, 7 (5), 310-8

A Unique Iron-Sulfur Cluster Is Crucial for Oxygen Tolerance of a [NiFe]-hydrogenase

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A Unique Iron-Sulfur Cluster Is Crucial for Oxygen Tolerance of a [NiFe]-hydrogenase

Tobias Goris et al. Nat Chem Biol.

Erratum in

  • Nat Chem Biol. 2011 Sep;7(9):648

Abstract

Hydrogenases are essential for H(2) cycling in microbial metabolism and serve as valuable blueprints for H(2)-based biotechnological applications. However, most hydrogenases are extremely oxygen sensitive and prone to inactivation by even traces of O(2). The O(2)-tolerant membrane-bound [NiFe]-hydrogenase of Ralstonia eutropha H16 is one of the few examples that can perform H(2) uptake in the presence of ambient O(2). Here we show that O(2) tolerance is crucially related to a modification of the internal electron-transfer chain. The iron-sulfur cluster proximal to the active site is surrounded by six instead of four conserved coordinating cysteines. Removal of the two additional cysteines alters the electronic structure of the proximal iron-sulfur cluster and renders the catalytic activity sensitive to O(2) as shown by physiological, biochemical, spectroscopic and electrochemical studies. The data indicate that the mechanism of O(2) tolerance relies on the reductive removal of oxygenic species guided by the unique architecture of the electron relay rather than a restricted access of O(2) to the active site.

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