Imaging retinal mosaics in the living eye

Eye (Lond). 2011 Mar;25(3):301-8. doi: 10.1038/eye.2010.221.


Adaptive optics imaging of cone photoreceptors has provided unique insight into the structure and function of the human visual system and has become an important tool for both basic scientists and clinicians. Recent advances in adaptive optics retinal imaging instrumentation and methodology have allowed us to expand beyond cone imaging. Multi-wavelength and fluorescence imaging methods with adaptive optics have allowed multiple retinal cell types to be imaged simultaneously. These new methods have recently revealed rod photoreceptors, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, and the smallest retinal blood vessels. Fluorescence imaging coupled with adaptive optics has been used to examine ganglion cells in living primates. Two-photon imaging combined with adaptive optics can evaluate photoreceptor function non-invasively in the living primate retina.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans
  • Optics and Photonics / methods*
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate / pathology
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / pathology
  • Retinal Pigment Epithelium / pathology
  • Retinal Vessels / pathology