A simple high-yielding process for transient gene expression in CHO cells

J Biotechnol. 2011 Apr 20;153(1-2):22-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.03.001. Epub 2011 Mar 15.


Here we describe a simplified method for transient gene expression (TGE) in suspension-adapted Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using polyethylenimine (PEI) for DNA delivery. Both the transfection and production phases of the bioprocess were performed at a density of 4 × 10⁶ cells/mL at 31 °C. In addition, the amounts of both PEI and plasmid DNA were reduced up to 50% on a per cell basis compared to previously published protocols from this laboratory, resulting in higher cell viability after transfection and higher volumetric recombinant protein yields. In batch cultures of up to 14 days, reproducible recombinant antibody yields up to 300 mg/L were achieved at small scale (5 mL) and up to 250 mg/L at large scale (500 mL). The simplicity and improved yields are expected to increase the utility of CHO cells for the rapid production of recombinant proteins at larger scales by TGE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biotechnology / methods*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Count
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • DNA / genetics
  • Gene Expression*
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Polyethyleneimine / pharmacology
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Transfection


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Polyethyleneimine
  • DNA