The effect of Baroque music on behavioural disturbances in patients with dementia

Australas J Ageing. 2011 Mar;30(1):11-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-6612.2010.00439.x.


Aim: To study the effect of Baroque music in people with dementia.

Methods: Patients in a multicultural dementia-specific aged care facility were subjected to Baroque music in a cross-over study.

Results: There were significantly more behavioural disturbances during the weeks when Baroque music was played compared to control periods (0.2 more episodes per week, P = 0.01), and more episodes in the afternoon shift compared to evening shift (1 more episode per week, P = 0.001).

Conclusion: These results confirm that music can influence behaviour but is contrary to previous results.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Dementia / psychology
  • Dementia / therapy*
  • Female
  • Health Services for the Aged*
  • Homes for the Aged
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / etiology*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Music Therapy*
  • New South Wales
  • Nursing Homes
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Failure