Structural Characterization and Agonist Binding to Human α4β2 Nicotinic Receptors

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Apr 15;407(3):456-60. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.03.026. Epub 2011 Mar 17.

Abstract

The Cys-loop receptor super-family of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels mediates fast synaptic transmission throughout the human nervous system. These receptors exhibit widely varying pharmacologies, yet their structural characterization has relied heavily on their homology with the naturally abundant muscle-type Torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Here we examine for the first time the structure of a human α4β2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. We show that human α4β2 nicotinic receptors adopt a secondary/tertiary fold similar to that of the Torpedo nicotinic receptor with a large proportion of both α-helix and β-sheet, but exhibit a substantially increased thermal stability. Both receptors bind agonist, but with different patterns of agonist recognition - particularly in the nature of the interactions between aromatic residues and the agonist quaternary amine functional group. By comparing α4β2 and Torpedo receptors, we begin to delineate their structural similarities and differences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Nicotinic Agonists / chemistry*
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Nicotinic / chemistry*

Substances

  • Nicotinic Agonists
  • Receptors, Nicotinic
  • nicotinic receptor alpha4beta2