Aim: To evaluate the role of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with low-dose metronomic cyclophosphamide as primary systemic treatment in locally advanced breast cancer.
Patients and methods: The activity and safety of intravenous pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 20 mg sqm(-1) biweekly for eight courses in combination with metronomic cyclophosphamide 50 mg day(-1) orally were evaluated in 29 patients with locally advanced breast cancer who were not suitable to receive a standard chemotherapy due to age or co-morbidities or who asked for a regimen with low incidence of toxic effects irrespective of age.
Results: The rate of breast-conserving surgery was 44.8%. Eighteen patients (62.1%) achieved a partial response (including one pathological complete response), 10 (34.5%) a stable disease and one patient experienced a progressive disease. Treatment was well tolerated, with no grade 4 toxicities, and with grade 3 skin toxicity in three patients and hand-foot syndrome in four patients.
Conclusion: The regimen was well tolerated but with limited activity in the preoperative setting. Other options (e.g., endocrine therapy in estrogen receptor -positive disease) should be considered in locally advanced breast cancer patients who are not suitable to receive a standard chemotherapy.
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