Red alert for women's heart: the urgent need for more research and knowledge on cardiovascular disease in women: proceedings of the workshop held in Brussels on gender differences in cardiovascular disease, 29 September 2010

Eur Heart J. 2011 Jun;32(11):1362-8. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr048. Epub 2011 Mar 15.


A recent report of the EuroHeart project has shown that women are still underrepresented in many cardiovascular clinical trials, while important gender differences are present within most areas of heart disease. As the burden of cardiovascular disease is increasing in middle-aged women relative to men, a more profound understanding is needed of the fundamental biological differences that exist between men and women. In the current review, we aim to address the need for more explanatory sex-specific cardiovascular research to be able to adapt existing guidelines for a better heart health in women.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / etiology
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / mortality
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome / therapy
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Promotion
  • Heart Failure / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia / etiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / complications
  • Stroke / etiology