Legionella was first recovered from the blood of a soldier more than 50 years ago, but its importance as a human pathogen was not recognized until 1976, when a mysterious epidemic of pneumonia struck members of the Pennsylvania American Legion. The disease was dubbed Legionnaire's disease by the press. Within 6 months a bacterium, subsequently named Legionella pneumophila, had been isolated and definitively established as the agent, thanks to the efforts of many investigators from Pennsylvania and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. A general term for disease produced by Legionella species is legionellosis.
Copyright © 1996, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
[Discovery of Legionella Pneumophila: Achievement in Modern Bacteriology]G Riva. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 110 (46), 1714-20. PMID 7209462.The discovery of Legionella pneumophila is described and the clinical and epidemiological aspects of legionellosis (Legionnaire's disease) are presented. "New" pneumonia …
First Case of Legionnaire's Disease Caused by Legionella Anisa in Spain and the Limitations on the Diagnosis of Legionella Non-Pneumophila InfectionsL Vaccaro et al. PLoS One 11 (7), e0159726. PMID 27442238.Legionnaires' disease is a severe form of pneumonia, with worldwide relevance, caused by Legionella spp. Approximately 90% of all cases of legionellosis are caused by Leg …
Legionella Bacteria and Water Systems in Health Care PremisesT Makin. Nurs Times 101 (39), 48-9. PMID 16218122. - ReviewLegionnaires' disease (Legionellosis) is a bacterial pneumonia that acquired its name following an outbreak of pneumonia among army veterans attending an American Legion …
[Community-acquired Legionella Pneumonia : Data From the CAPNETZ Study]H von Baum et al. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 54 (6), 688-92. PMID 21626372.Legionella are present in the environment as well as in biofilms of water installation systems. Most Legionella live in amoebae. More than 51 different species of Legione …
Legionnaire's Disease: Cardiac ManifestationsJL Brusch. Infect Dis Clin North Am 31 (1), 69-80. PMID 28159176. - ReviewMost cardiac infections with Legionella are secondary to bacteremias arising from a pulmonary focus. Other possible sites of origin are infected sternotomy wounds or equi …