[Hypertension and sports activity]

G Ital Cardiol (Rome). 2010 Oct;11(10 Suppl 1):98S-101S.
[Article in Italian]


The importance of physical activity in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease has been demonstrated in many studies. In particular, the effect of exercise, especially aerobioc exercise, is to reduce blood pressure and heart rate by reducing sympathetic tone, and to correct many factors of the metabolic syndrome. Exercise prescription should be based on knowledge of the changes induced by training, but also on risk assessment, both cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular, of hypertensive subjects. It is generally accepted that for prevention and treatment of hypertension is useful to perform 3-4 weekly sessions of aerobic exercise for 30-45 min, at 50-70% of maximum working capacity. The recommended activities are walking, running, cycling and programs of mixed aerobic exercise. People with hypertension may follow their own personal inclinations, by choosing a sport and doing it at a competitive level. In hypertensive athletes the eligibility for competitive sports activities implies a careful medical evaluation, according to the recently published Italian COCIS cardiac guidelines.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bicycling
  • Diastole
  • Exercise*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Italy
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Primary Prevention
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Running
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Sports*
  • Systole
  • Time Factors
  • Walking