Organ printing: from bioprinter to organ biofabrication line

Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2011 Oct;22(5):667-73. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2011.02.006. Epub 2011 Mar 16.


Organ printing, or the layer by layer additive robotic biofabrication of functional three-dimensional tissue and organ constructs using self-assembling tissue spheroid building blocks, is a rapidly emerging technology that promises to transform tissue engineering into a commercially successful biomedical industry. It is increasingly obvious that similar well-established industries implement automated robotic systems on the path to commercial translation and economic success. The use of robotic bioprinters alone however is not sufficient for the development of large industrial scale organ biofabrication. The design and development of a fully integrated organ biofabrication line is imperative for the commercial translation of organ printing technology. This paper presents recent progress and challenges in the development of the essential components of an organ biofabrication line.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bioartificial Organs
  • Bioreactors
  • Humans
  • Robotics
  • Tissue Engineering* / instrumentation