A comparison of mean displacement values using high b-value Q-space diffusion-weighted MRI with conventional apparent diffusion coefficients in patients with stroke

Acad Radiol. 2011 Jul;18(7):837-41. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2011.02.005. Epub 2011 Mar 21.


Rationale and objectives: Q-space analysis using high b-value diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) data provides information on tissue microstructure in contrast to conventional MR imaging (MRI) based on low b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of mean displacement (MDP) map in stroke patients using q-space diffusion-weighted MRI (QSI).

Materials and methods: Twenty-one patients presenting with a total of 22 acute or subacute cerebral infarctions were included. MR protocol consisted of conventional MR sequences, DWI (b-value; 1000 s/mm(2)) and QSI (b-value; maximum 12,000 s/mm(2)). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps of conventional DWI and MDP maps of QSI data were obtained and compared in the ischemic lesions and corresponding normal tissues.

Results: Decreased ADC values were present in all lesions. There was no correlation between ADC and MDP values in the lesions (r = 0.21). MDP values of the lesions were 8.60 ± 1.26 μm (mean ± SD). Most of the lesions (16/22) had higher MDP values than normal brain tissue. Three lesions showed lower MDP values and three showed mixed MDP values.

Conclusions: The MDP maps using QSI data provides additional information for stroke patients compared to conventional DWI.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms*
  • Brain Infarction / complications*
  • Brain Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stroke / diagnosis*
  • Stroke / etiology*