Purpose: We evaluated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease stage 3 or worse based on the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines after living kidney donation at a single institution.
Materials and methods: The collected data of 86 consecutive patients who underwent uneventful donor nephrectomy between 1987 and 2008 were evaluated retrospectively. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was determined using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease from serum creatinine levels collected before and after surgery in kidney donor followup clinics. Chronic kidney disease was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 ml/minute/1.73 m(2) according to the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines. Cox regression analyses were then used to determine the impact of predictors on the development of chronic kidney disease.
Results: All donors (mean age 41.2, SD 9.9 years) had a mean preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate of 88.7 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (SD 16.3). Median followup was 6.4 years (range 0.9 to 21.0). Progression to stage 3 or worse chronic kidney disease was seen in 24.4% (95% CI 15.2-33.7) of patients. There were 2 patient deaths secondary to cancer and none required dialysis. Multivariable analysis showed that preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 82 ml/minute/1.73 m(2) was an independent risk factor for post-donation chronic kidney disease. For every 1 ml/minute/1.73 m(2) increase in baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate, the hazard of postoperative chronic kidney disease was reduced by 7% (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.89-0.97, p = 0.001).
Conclusions: Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative stage 3 chronic kidney disease or worse occurs in 24.4% of kidney donors. Long-term prospective studies and closer followup of donors are needed to identify its implications, given the associated risk of cardiovascular diseases with chronic kidney disease in the general population.
Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.