The present work describes the construction and application of a new DNA biosensor for detection of aflatoxin M1. In order to immobilize a thiol-modified single stranded DNA (ss-HSDNA) probe that specifically bound aflatoxin M1, a self-assembled monolayer of cysteamine and gold nanoparticles on the SAM were prepared on gold electrodes, layer-by-layer. The assembly processes of cysteamine, gold nanoparticles, and ss-HSDNA were monitored with the help of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. K3[Fe(CN)6]/K4[Fe(CN)6] solution was used as a redox probe for electrochemical measurements. The biosensor provided a linear response to aflatoxin M1 over the concentration range of 1-14 ng/mL with a standard deviation of ±0.36 ng/mL. Finally, the biosensor was applied to a series of real milk samples.
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