Peripheral nerve stimulation: definition

Prog Neurol Surg. 2011;24:203-209. doi: 10.1159/000323052. Epub 2011 Mar 21.


Recently, there has been a tremendous evolution in the field of neurostimulation, both from the technological point of view and from development of the new and different indications. In some areas, such as peripheral nerve stimulation, there has been a boom in recent years due to the variations in the surgical technique and the improved results documented by in multiple published papers. All this makes imperative the need to classify and define the different types of stimulation that are used today. The confusion arises when attempting to describe peripheral nerve stimulation and subcutaneous stimulation. Peripheral nerve stimulation, in its pure definition, involves implanting a lead on a nerve, with the aim to produce paresthesia along the entire trajectory of the stimulated nerve.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Implantable Neurostimulators / classification*
  • Peripheral Nerves / physiology*
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / classification*
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation / methods