Ever since the observation of late-onset obesity during the phenotypic characterization of the 5-HT(₂C) knock-out mouse, the serotonin 5-HT(₂C) receptor has been a drug target for obesity. Small-molecule agonists have repeatedly been shown to reduce food intake and body weight in rodent models of obesity. To date, however, only one compound, lorcaserin, has completed Phase III trials and currently awaits an US FDA decision following a negative advisory committee meeting. Agonist selectivity versus the highly homologous 5-HT(₂A) and 5-HT(₂B) receptors remains a significant hurdle. Ideally, a specific 5-HT(₂C) agonist (completely devoid of 5-HT(₂A) and 5-HT(₂B) activity) would be preferred. The requirement of a basic amine coupled with larger, often aromatic, hydrophobic domains, to gain selectivity, often leads to additional challenges associated with cationic amphiphilic molecules such as hERG-channel inhibition and phospholipidosis. The success of future 5-HT(₂C) agonists will depend on further improvements in selectivity (or attainment of complete specificity) and pharmaceutical properties to permit greater and sustained receptor stimulation, while avoiding side effects associated with the activation of other 5-HT receptors.