Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality

Nature. 2011 Mar 24;471(7339):E1-4; author reply E9-10. doi: 10.1038/nature09831.


Arising from M. A. Nowak, C. E. Tarnita & E. O. Wilson 466, 1057-1062 (2010); Nowak et al. reply. Nowak et al. argue that inclusive fitness theory has been of little value in explaining the natural world, and that it has led to negligible progress in explaining the evolution of eusociality. However, we believe that their arguments are based upon a misunderstanding of evolutionary theory and a misrepresentation of the empirical literature. We will focus our comments on three general issues.

Publication types

  • Comment
  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Altruism*
  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution*
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Female
  • Game Theory
  • Genetic Fitness*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Heredity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Biological*
  • Phenotype
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Selection, Genetic*
  • Sex Ratio