Background: The medical treatment for hemorrhoids has undergone significant changes on introduction of new pharmaceutical agents in the last decade. Euphorbia Prostrata is a new molecule used for grade I and II hemorrhoids. Beneficial effects of the Euphorbia prostrata in hemorrhoids have multiple mechanisms that are due to its active constituents flavonoids, tannins and phenolic acid. This pilot study was performed to assess the effectiveness of this molecule in early grades of symptomatic hemorrhoids.
Materials and methods: In the present retrospective study, the effect of Euphorbia prostrata on patients with hemorrhoids was observed over a follow up period of 12 weeks. In all, 120 patients were studied. This included 63 males and 57 females. Patients with grade 1 and 2 were prescribed with one tablet of Euphorbia prostrata (Tab Sitcom, Panacea Biotec, India) to be consumed on empty stomach every morning for two weeks. Follow-up was carried out at 2, 4 and 12 weeks after commencement of treatment. The primary end point of the study was control of bleeding and secondary end points were regression of hemorrhoid mass, pruritus and discomfort in the anus.
Results: Ninty-nine patients (82%) had complete cessation of bleeding at the end of two weeks. Six patients needed another 2 week's treatment to achieve complete relief, amounting to a success rate of 87%. Anal itch was relieved in 73% of patients, while anal discomfort subsided in 90% of patients. None of the patient had reported any adversity with consumption of the drug. At the follow-up after 3 months of treatment, no patient reported with symptomatic recurrence. However, 37 of the 79 patients (46%) still had residual hemorrhoids on anoscopic examination.
Conclusions: This pilot study shows that Euphorbia prostrata can be used as an effective and well-tolerated pharmaceutical agent in the treatment of early grades of hemorrhoids. Long-term follow-up and randomized control trials by comparing with other established formulations is necessary to justify reliance on this medication.