Background: Ten-day sequential therapy with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and amoxicillin followed by a PPI, clarithromycin, and an imidazole typically achieves Helicobacter pylori eradication rates of 90-94% (Grade B success).
Aims: We tested whether prolonging treatment and continuing amoxicillin throughout the 14-day treatment period would produce a ≥ 95% result.
Methods: This was a multicenter pilot study in which H. pylori-infected patients received a 14-day sequential-concomitant hybrid therapy (esomeprazole and amoxicillin for 7 days followed by esomeprazole, amoxicillin clarithromycin, and metronidazole for 7 days). H. pylori status was examined 8 weeks after therapy. Success was defined as achieving ≥ 95% eradication by per-protocol analysis.
Results: One hundred and seventeen subjects received hybrid therapy. The eradication rate was 99.1% (95% confidence interval (CI), 97.3-100.0%) by per-protocol analysis and 97.4% by intention-to-treat analysis (95% CI, 94.5-100.0%). Adverse events were seen in 14.5%; drug compliance was 94.9%.
Conclusions: Fourteen-day hybrid sequential-concomitant therapy achieved > 95%H. pylori eradication (Grade A result). Further studies are needed 1, in regions with different patterns and frequencies of resistance to confirm these findings, and 2, to examine whether Grade A success is maintained with hybrid therapy shorter than 14 days.
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.