Business travel and self-rated health, obesity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors

J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Apr;53(4):358-63. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182143e77.

Abstract

Objective: To assess associations between extent of travel for business and health.

Methods: Associations between business travel and cardiovascular disease risk factors were assessed using medical record data from 13,057 patients provided by EHE International, Inc.

Results: Compared with light travelers (1 to 6 nights per month), nontravelers were more likely to report poor/fair health (odds ratio = 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33 to 1.87) and the odds ratios increased with increasing travel, reaching 2.61 (95% CI: 1.57 to 4.33) among extensive travelers (>20 nights per month). Compared with light travelers, the odds ratios for obesity were highest among nontravelers (odds ratio = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.18 to 1.50) and extensive travelers (odds ratio = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.25 to 2.94). Although the differences were small, nontravelers and extensive travelers had the highest diastolic blood pressure and lowest high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.

Conclusion: Poor self-rated health and obesity are associated with extensive business travel.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / psychology
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Commerce*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Travel*

Substances

  • Cholesterol, HDL