Objectives: Randomized controlled trials of dornase alpha have shown forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV(1) ) to improve in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) but have not assessed change in the rate of lung function decline. We assessed the relationship of dornase alpha use and FEV(1) decline using the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF).
Methodology: Patients aged 8-38 years who had been enrolled in ESCF for 2 years when initially treated with dornase alpha were selected if they remained on treatment during the following 2 years. A comparator group included patients aged 8-38 who were not yet reported to have received dornase alpha. For each patient we estimated the annual rate of decline in FEV(1) % predicted before and after the index using a mixed-effects model adjusted for age, gender, pulmonary exacerbations, respiratory therapies, and nutritional supplements.
Results: The dornase alpha group (n = 2,230) had a lower FEV(1) % predicted at index and a more rapid decline during the pre-index period. The mean rate of FEV(1) decline improved for the dornase alpha group; the improvement was similar in adults and children 8-17 years old but was not statistically significant in adults. The comparator group (n = 5,970) showed no change among adults and an increased rate of decline among children 8-17 years old.
Conclusions: The use of dornase alpha for a 2-year period is associated with a reduction in the rate of FEV(1) decline. These results also demonstrate the value of using an observational study to assess the association of instituting new therapies in the clinical setting with changes in the rate of FEV(1) decline in patients with CF.
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.