Emerging thermotolerant Campylobacter species in healthy ruminants and swine

Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011 Jul;8(7):807-13. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2010.0803. Epub 2011 Mar 27.


Campylobacters other than Campylobacter jejuni or C. coli were isolated in 35% of 343 farms recently analyzed in northern Spain. This study was aimed at identifying at the species level the 120 isolates collected (21 ovine, 52 beef cattle, 44 dairy cattle, and 3 porcine) by species-specific polymerase chain reaction and 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis. Thus, five species were identified: Campylobacter hyointestinalis (90 isolates), Campylobacter lanienae (12), Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (10), Campylobacter lari (1), and Campylobacter sputorum (1). Ambiguous results were obtained for six isolates. Phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed three of them (cattle isolates) as an intermediate clade between C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis and C. fetus, two ovine isolates formed a new clade clustering with Campylobacter concisus despite sharing higher similarity with Campylobacter mucosalis, and one porcine isolate shared similarly high homology with C. lanienae and C. hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii. C. hyointestinalis was the predominant species, particularly in cattle, but it was also isolated from sheep and swine. C. lanienae was only found in sheep, C. fetus in cattle and sheep, and C. lari in a single dairy cattle farm. Although previously reported, the isolation of C. lari from cattle is not common, and this is the first report of C. lanienae and C. hyointestinalis in sheep. This study demonstrated the wide distribution in livestock of several emerging zoonotic Campylobacter species and provided valuable information on their host animal reservoirs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Campylobacter / classification*
  • Campylobacter / genetics
  • Campylobacter / isolation & purification
  • Campylobacter Infections / microbiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / veterinary*
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / microbiology*
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Disease Reservoirs / veterinary
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • RNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 23S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / veterinary
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / microbiology*
  • Spain
  • Species Specificity
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases / microbiology*


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • RNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 23S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/HQ628642
  • GENBANK/HQ628643
  • GENBANK/HQ628644
  • GENBANK/HQ628645
  • GENBANK/HQ628646
  • GENBANK/HQ628647
  • GENBANK/HQ628648
  • GENBANK/HQ628649