Objective: A neuropathic pain (NP) questionnaire may facilitate the identification of a neuropathic component to osteoarthritis (OA) pain. An existing questionnaire, the painDETECT, was modified for use in knee OA and administered to measure the prevalence and correlates of NP symptoms among adults with this condition.
Method: Sensibility of the modified painDETECT (mPD-Q) was assessed in 20 OA subjects followed by mail administration in an established knee OA cohort. NP symptoms were defined using a previously established, painDETECT cut-point. Correlates of NP symptoms, including OA severity (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Von Korff Chronic Pain Grade pain subscale score), psychological factors (Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Pain Catastrophizing Scale), and concomitant medical conditions, were evaluated using logistic regression. Construct validity of the mPD-Q was evaluated through co-administration with another NP questionnaire (S-LANSS).
Results: The mPD-Q had face and content validity. Of 259 eligible cohort members, 171 (66%) completed the questionnaire; 28% had NP symptoms on the mPD-Q (19% among those without neurological conditions). Independent correlates of NP symptoms were: pain intensity (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=2.1 per 10 unit increase, P<0.0001), the presence of referred back/hip pain (adjusted OR=2.9, P=0.024), number of painful joints (OR=1.2, P=0.20) and one or more self-reported neurological condition (OR=3.0, P=0.026).
Conclusions: Among older adults with chronic symptomatic knee OA, over one-quarter had NP symptoms localized to their knees using the mPD-Q. The mPD-Q may facilitate the identification of a neuropathic component to pain in adults with knee OA who may benefit from further evaluation and/or treatment for NP.
Copyright © 2011 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.