New model systems provide insights into Myc-induced transformation

Oncogene. 2011 Aug 25;30(34):3727-34. doi: 10.1038/onc.2011.88. Epub 2011 Mar 28.


The ability of Myc to promote cellular transformation is well established; however, a better understanding of the mechanisms through which Myc mediates tumorigenesis is essential for the development of therapeutic approaches to target this potent oncoprotein. Structure-function studies in rodent fibroblast cells have provided the basis for much of our current understanding of these mechanisms. To build on these approaches, we have characterized three novel human cell line models of Myc-dependent transformation: MCF10A, SH-EP Tet21/N-Myc, and LF1/TERT/LT/ST cells. We have also evaluated Myc family proteins (c-Myc and L-Myc), a naturally occurring isoform of Myc (MycS), and a set of N-terminal domain mutants (ΔMBII, W135E, T58A) for their ability to promote anchorage-independent growth in these models. Taken together, these results provide the field with three new human cell-based models to study Myc activity, highlight the importance of cellular context, and challenge the paradigm that the ability of Myc to promote tumorigenesis is exclusively MBII-dependent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic*
  • Genes, myc*
  • Humans
  • Models, Genetic*