Genome-wide Target Profiling of piggyBac and Tol2 in HEK 293: Pros and Cons for Gene Discovery and Gene Therapy

BMC Biotechnol. 2011 Mar 30;11:28. doi: 10.1186/1472-6750-11-28.

Abstract

Background: DNA transposons have emerged as indispensible tools for manipulating vertebrate genomes with applications ranging from insertional mutagenesis and transgenesis to gene therapy. To fully explore the potential of two highly active DNA transposons, piggyBac and Tol2, as mammalian genetic tools, we have conducted a side-by-side comparison of the two transposon systems in the same setting to evaluate their advantages and disadvantages for use in gene therapy and gene discovery.

Results: We have observed that (1) the Tol2 transposase (but not piggyBac) is highly sensitive to molecular engineering; (2) the piggyBac donor with only the 40 bp 3'-and 67 bp 5'-terminal repeat domain is sufficient for effective transposition; and (3) a small amount of piggyBac transposases results in robust transposition suggesting the piggyBac transpospase is highly active. Performing genome-wide target profiling on data sets obtained by retrieving chromosomal targeting sequences from individual clones, we have identified several piggyBac and Tol2 hotspots and observed that (4) piggyBac and Tol2 display a clear difference in targeting preferences in the human genome. Finally, we have observed that (5) only sites with a particular sequence context can be targeted by either piggyBac or Tol2.

Conclusions: The non-overlapping targeting preference of piggyBac and Tol2 makes them complementary research tools for manipulating mammalian genomes. PiggyBac is the most promising transposon-based vector system for achieving site-specific targeting of therapeutic genes due to the flexibility of its transposase for being molecularly engineered. Insights from this study will provide a basis for engineering piggyBac transposases to achieve site-specific therapeutic gene targeting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • DNA Transposable Elements / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Association Studies / methods
  • Genetic Therapy / methods
  • Genome, Human / genetics*
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional / methods*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Transposases / genetics*
  • Transposases / metabolism

Substances

  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • Transposases