Background: Atopic asthma is an allergic disease typically associated with T(H)2 cytokines. IL-17A is also associated with asthma, through the induction of chemokines. Mucosal CCL28 concentrations correlate with cellular recruitment to inflamed airways and support migration of IgA(+) B cells. Here, a link between IL-17A, CCL28 and IgE-secreting B cell chemotaxis is examined.
Methods: Primary human airway cells and the airway epithelial line A549 were used to characterize IL-17A receptor expression and the effect of IL-17A on CCL28 transcription and translation. B cells, differentiated to IgE+ cells ex vivo, were assessed for CCR10 surface expression and chemotaxis to CCL28 by flow cytometry, transwell migration and ELISpot.
Results: Human airway epithelium expressed both IL-17RA and IL-17RC, and was responsive to IL-17A stimulation. Cultured human IgE+ B cells expressed surface CCR10 and displayed CCR10-dependent chemotaxis towards recombinant CCL28. Enhanced levels of CCL28 were observed upon A549 cell incubation with IL-17A, and this up-regulation significantly increased the migration of IgE+ antibody-secreting B cells. The specificity of chemotaxis was confirmed by migration blockade in the presence of anti-CCL28 or anti-CCR10.
Conclusions: This work identifies a novel chemokine for the migration of IgE+ B cells, in addition to characterizing induction of CCL28 by IL-17A. Taken together the results presented here propose a new role for IL-17A in the allergic airways, linking this cytokine with the recruitment of IgE+ antibody-secreting B cells, via the induction of CCL28. These observations justify further in vivo studies of larger cohorts.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.