The developing intestinal microbiome and its relationship to health and disease in the neonate

J Perinatol. 2011 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S29-34. doi: 10.1038/jp.2010.172.


The intestinal microbiota normally exists in a commensal and/or symbiotic relationship with the host. In the past few years, emerging technologies derived largely from the Human Genome Project have been applied to evaluating the intestinal microbiota and new discoveries using these techniques have prompted new initiatives such as the Human Microbiome Roadmap designed to evaluate the role of the intestinal microbiome in health and disease. In this review, we wish to focus on some new developments in this area and discuss some of the effects of medical manipulations such as antibiotics, probiotics, prebiotics and C-section versus vaginal delivery on the intestinal microbiota.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Cesarean Section
  • Delivery, Obstetric
  • Fetus / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn*
  • Intestines / microbiology*
  • Metagenome*
  • Prebiotics
  • Probiotics / pharmacology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Prebiotics