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. 2011 Jun 3;22(22):225701.
doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/22/225701. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Synthesis and Characterization of Low Temperature Sn Nanoparticles for the Fabrication of Highly Conductive Ink

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Synthesis and Characterization of Low Temperature Sn Nanoparticles for the Fabrication of Highly Conductive Ink

Yun Hwan Jo et al. Nanotechnology. .

Abstract

To fabricate a low cost, highly conductive ink for inkjet printing, we synthesized a gram scale of uniformly sized Sn nanoparticles by using a modified polyol process and observed a significant size-dependent melting temperature depression from 234.1 °C for bulk Sn to 177.3 °C for 11.3 nm Sn nanoparticles. A 20 wt% of Sn nanoparticles was dispersed in the 50% ethylene glycol: 50% isopropyl alcohol mixed solvent for the appropriate viscosity (11.6 cP) and surface tension (32 dyn cm(-1)). To improve the electrical property, we applied the surface treatments of hydrogen reduction and plasma ashing. The two treatments had the effect of diminishing the sheet resistance from 1 kΩ/sq to 50 Ω/sq. In addition, conductive patterns (1 cm × 1 cm) were successfully drawn on the Si wafer using an inkjet printing instrument with conductive Sn ink. The maximum resistivity for an hour of sintering at 250 °C was 64.27 µΩ cm, which is six times higher than the bulk Sn resistivity (10.1 µΩ cm).

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