Association of spinal curve deformity and back extensor strength in elderly women with osteoporosis in Japan and the United States

Osteoporos Int. 2012 Mar;23(3):1029-34. doi: 10.1007/s00198-011-1624-z. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Abstract

The difference in the shape of sagittal spinal curvature and distribution of vertebral fractures in women of comparable age with osteoporosis from Japan and the United States with different cultures and lifestyles was identified. Back extensor strength was significantly associated with lumbar lordosis in Akita group, indicating the potential importance of strengthening the back extensor.

Introduction: The purpose of the study was to assess the association of osteoporotic spinal deformities with back strength in elderly women in Japan and the United States.

Methods: Subjects diagnosed with osteoporosis were selected to participate prospectively. In both groups, we measured the angles of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis with plain lateral radiographs and back extensor strength. The number of vertebral fractures and the ratio of lumbar fractures to thoracic fractures are also evaluated. The level of participants' daily activities was assessed with use of comparable tests in Akita (quality-of-life score) and Minnesota (physical activity score).

Results: A total of 102 Japanese women residing in Akita, Japan (Akita group), and 104 white women evaluated in Rochester, MN, USA (Minnesota group), participated in this study. The angle of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was higher in the Minnesota group than in the Akita group. The ratio of lumbar fractures to thoracic fractures was higher in the Akita group than in the Minnesota group. In the Akita group, multiple regression analysis revealed that the angle of lumbar lordosis correlated significantly with back extensor strength.

Conclusions: We identified the difference in the shape of sagittal spinal curvature and distribution of vertebral fractures in women of comparable age with osteoporosis from two geographic areas of the world with different cultures and lifestyles. Back extensor strength was significantly associated with lumbar lordosis in Akita group, indicating the potential importance of strengthening the back extensor for improving or maintaining lumbar lordosis.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone Density / physiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Femur Neck / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / physiopathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity / physiology
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / complications*
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / epidemiology
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / physiopathology
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / epidemiology
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / etiology
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / physiopathology
  • Quality of Life
  • Spinal Curvatures / epidemiology
  • Spinal Curvatures / etiology*
  • Spinal Curvatures / physiopathology
  • Spinal Fractures / epidemiology
  • Spinal Fractures / etiology
  • Spinal Fractures / physiopathology
  • United States / epidemiology