Stratifying triple-negative breast cancer: which definition(s) to use?

Breast Cancer Res. 2011 Apr 1;13(2):105. doi: 10.1186/bcr2852.


Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) have increased rates of pathologic complete response following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, yet have poorer prognosis compared with non-TNBC. Known as the triple-negative paradox, this highlights the need to dissect the biologic and clinical heterogeneity within TNBC. In the present issue, Keam and colleagues suggest two subgroups of TNBC exist based on the proliferation-related marker Ki-67, each with differential response and prognosis following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. To place results into context, we review several definitions available under the TNBC umbrella that may stratify TNBC into clinically relevant subgroups.

Publication types

  • Editorial
  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / classification*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ki-67 Antigen / analysis*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Ki-67 Antigen