Human leukocyte cDNA library was screened to isolate cDNA clones coding for hepatocyte growth factor using cDNA from human liver as a probe. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were analyzed for two of four clones obtained. One of them contained an open reading frame coding for a polypeptide chain of 728 amino acid residues like that of cDNA clone derived from human liver. In another clone a spontaneous deletion of 15 base pairs was found within the coding sequence. When expressed transiently using COS-1 cells both clones produced protein with similar biological activity against rat hepatocyte in vitro.