Background: This study examined the relationship of medication adherence to frequency of pulmonary exacerbation and rate of decline in FEV(1)% predicted (FEV(1)).
Methods: 95 CF patients aged 6 years or older and prescribed a pulmonary medication, were enrolled in a longitudinal retrospective review of medication adherence and health outcomes (the occurrence and frequency of intravenous (IV) antibiotic treatments and FEV(1)) over 12-months. Pharmacy refill records were used to calculate a medication possession ratio (MPR).
Results: Composite MPR predicted the occurrence of at least one pulmonary exacerbation requiring a course of IV antibiotics (IRR=2.34, p=0.05), but not the frequency of exacerbations, after controlling for gender, baseline FEV(1,) and regimen complexity. Composite MPR predicted baseline FEV(1) (estimate=29.81, p=.007), but not decline in FEV(1).
Conclusions: These results demonstrate a significant relation between medication adherence and IV antibiotics in CF patients, highlighting the importance of addressing adherence during clinic visits to improve health outcomes.
Copyright © 2011 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.