A rexinoid antagonist increases the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid set point in mice and thyrotrope cells

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2011 Jun 6;339(1-2):1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2011.03.014. Epub 2011 Mar 31.


Retinoid X receptor (RXR) signaling influences thyrotrope function. Synthetic RXR agonists, rexinoids, can cause central hypothyroidism. To test the hypothesis that endogenous rexinoids contribute to the TSH 'set point', TαT1 mouse thyrotrope cells were treated with a rexinoid antagonist, LG101208. Increasing concentrations of LG101208 significantly increased TSHβ mRNA levels, indicating that the rexinoid antagonist may interfere with RXR-signaling by an endogenous rexinoid in thyrotropes. When the same experiments were repeated in the presence of charcoal-stripped serum the effect of the rexinoid antagonist was lost. Pretreatment with the transcription inhibitor DRB blocked the increase of TSHβ mRNA levels by rexinoid antagonist, indicating the primary effect is at the level of gene transcription. Mice treated with LG101208 had higher levels of serum T4, T4/TSH ratios as well as pituitary α-subunit and TSHβ mRNA compared with vehicle treated mice. Hypothalamic TRH levels were unchanged. In summary, the rexinoid antagonist, LG101208, increases TSH subunit mRNA levels in thyrotrope cells and mouse pituitaries, primarily at the level of gene transcription. These data suggest that an "endogenous rexinoid" contributes to the TSH 'set point' in thyrotropes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Glycoprotein Hormones, alpha Subunit / blood
  • Glycoprotein Hormones, alpha Subunit / genetics
  • Glycoprotein Hormones, alpha Subunit / metabolism
  • Hypothalamus / drug effects
  • Hypothalamus / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, 129 Strain
  • Pituitary Gland / drug effects
  • Pituitary Gland / metabolism*
  • Retinoid X Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Retinoids / pharmacology*
  • Thyroid Gland / drug effects
  • Thyroid Gland / metabolism*
  • Thyrotropin, beta Subunit / blood
  • Thyrotropin, beta Subunit / genetics
  • Thyrotropin, beta Subunit / metabolism
  • Thyroxine / blood
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects


  • Glycoprotein Hormones, alpha Subunit
  • LG 101208
  • Retinoid X Receptors
  • Retinoids
  • Thyrotropin, beta Subunit
  • Thyroxine